Brief History



tokarev_photo_med

  • 1871: Fedor Vasilievich Tokarev was born on June 2nd (or 14th in old Russian calendar), 1871 in stanitsa (large village) Egorlykskaya in the Don River basin, Russia, into a poor Cossack family.
  • 1882: Apprenticed to a local blacksmith at age 11.
  • 1884: Employed by Backsmith Krasnov at age 13.
  • 1885: Entered the Educational Metal Workshop at the second class school or stanitsa. His teacher was A.E.Chernikov, the designer of the 6-line (caliber .60-inch/15.25-mm) martial Cossack percussion rifle Model 1860, Russia’s last officially adopted muzzle loader.
  • 1888: Admitted to the Military School at Novocherkassk at age 17.
  • 1892: Graduated as a Cossack noncommissioned officer and sent to the 12th Don Cossack Regiment as an armorer-articifer, age 21.
  • 1896: Returned to Novocherkassk as Master Armorer Instructor, age 25, but the school was closed soon thereafter. As a consequence, Tokarev applied to the Military Technical School, also located in Novocherkassk.
  • 1900: Graduated as a Cossack commissioned officer, age 29, and returned to his old unit, the 12th Don Cossack Regiment, as Master Gunsmith.
  • 1907: Admitted to the Officer’s Rifle School at Oranienbaum, which was also the site of the Imperial Artillery Proving Ground, at age 36.
  • 1910: Submitted his version of a conversion of the bolt-action Model 1891 Mosin-Nagan rifle to semi-automatic fire, which merited official testing. Age 39.
  • 1913: Offered an improved modification of his semi-automatic rifle.
  • 1914: Further official testing was performed with Tokarev rifle. Outbreak of the First World War. Age 43.
  • 1914-1917: Served as Assistant Director for Inspection and Manufacture at the Imperial Small Arms Factory at Sestroretsk.
  • 1917-1918: Held the position of Technical Director at Sestroretsk. Age 47.
  • 1919: Despite having been an officer in the Imperial Armed Forces, was appointed to a position as Senior Engineer at the firmer Imperial Small Arms Factory at Izhevsk. Age 48.
  • 1921: Sent to Tula Ordinance Factory, age 50.
  • 1921-1925: Developed the martial light machine gun “Maxim-Tokarev” Model of 1925 (MT) as a modification of the Maxim machine gun Model 1910.
  • 1927: Presented his version of a “machine pistol”, a short carbine-type weapon capable of fully-automatic fire which chambered the 7.62mm Nagant revolver cartridge, a relatively unique innovation. Age 56.
  • 1930: Entered pistol test trials along with S.A.Korovin and S.A.Prilutsky in which Toikarev’s design won the competition and was adopted as the TT-30 (Tula-Tokarev Model 1930) martial handgun. Age 59.
  • 1933: Designed and presented for testing a new semi-automatic rifle system. Age 62.
  • 1935: The TT-30 was modernized and received an official nomenclature TT-33.
  • 1938: Now further developed, Tokarev’s semi-automatic rifle was adopted and given the martial nomenclature “SVT-38” (“Samozariadnaya Vintovka Tokareva”, or Semi-Automated Rifle Model 1938). Age 67.
  • 1940: Further modifications let to acceptance of Tokarev improved version of SVT-38 which became known as the SVT-40. The same year, a selective fire version of the SVT-40 was introduced as the AVT-40 (“Avtomaticheskaya Vintovka Tokareva”, or Tokarev Automatic Rifle Model 1940). Tokarev was appointed a Deputy of the Supreme Soviet. Age 69.
  • 1941: Tokarev was awarded a Doctorate Degree in Technical Science. Received the title of a Hero of Socialist Labor (the highest Soviet Award), and a title of a State Prize Laureate.
  • 1945: Participated in the first post-war pistol test trials which led to adoption of Makarov’s PM pistol and Stechkin’s selective fire APS pistol. Age 74.
  • 1960: Authored an article discussing the merits of the Avtomat Kalashnikov. Age 89.
  • 1968: Still contributing written articles and comments, Fedor Vasilievich dies on June 7. According to his will, he was buried in Tula’s Vsekhsvyatskoye Cemetery. Age 97.